As the leading cause of birth defects, cytomegalovirus (CMV) affects more children than Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or Down Syndrome and infects up to 90 percent of adults worldwide. Typically unnoticed in healthy people, CMV can be life-threatening for the immunocompromised, which includes persons infected with HIV, organ transplant recipients and most commonly, newborn infants.
Research Centre: Automotive and Surface Transportation
Passengers travelling on sleek, high-speed trains around the world may soon find new models lighter and faster due to a surprising new fabric reinforcing their components: flax fibres. Used around the globe in clothing, table linens and stationery, these fibres are three times as strong as cotton and just as strong asbut considerably lighter thanglass, a prominent component in parts used in ground transportation vehicles.
Research Centre: Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics
Tuesday, July 14, 2015 marked humanitys first close encounter with Pluto, taking planetary exploration to the very edge of our solar system. Following its nine-year trek, NASAs New Horizons spacecraft successfully completed its planetary flyby to collect data and photograph the dwarf planet up-close for the very first time.
The inner workings of the human brain hold mysteries that continue to challenge medical researchers and scientists around the world. One such mystery is determining how to delay the progression of brain diseases such as Alzheimers, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Parkinsons. Now an important Canadian research breakthrough may have found the key to slowing their spread.
For many years, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been used for security and defence, search and rescue and for the surveying and mapping of remote areas. As the demand for their application soars, so too will the need for increasingly complex control systems, navigation equipment and communication technologies to keep them in the air and on course.
In 2006, the Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert -- the northernmost permanently inhabited settlement in the world -- suffered a serious fuel spill when a fuel line break caused 22,000 litres of diesel to leak into the surrounding soil. With approaching freezing temperatures and weather that would prove both harsh and unforgiving, an immediate and innovative clean-up solution was needed.
As roads and bridges in Canadian cities suffer from the effects of harsh weather, heavy traffic, road salt and acid rain, a new cross-border bridge in Cornwall, Ontario stands strong. Built from a new class of concrete, the deck of the Canal Bridge part of the Seaway International Bridge system is expected to require significantly less maintenance than most of the other 80,000 bridges across Canada, ensuring safe and efficient travel for the more than 2.3M drivers who use it each year.
In 1965, Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson tasked NRC with selecting and precisely defining the red colour of the flag. The late Dr. Gunter Wyszecki recommended and defined two limit standards for the red colour, which were measured on a General Electric Hardy spectrophotometer, using an NRC-developed standard procedure. NRC pioneered the first application of the Standard Colorimetric System of the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) to specify the colour of a national emblem making Canada and Canadian industry a leader in the measurement of colour and optical properties of materials.