Gemini - Canadian - Specific information for phase I – 2019B



A call for proposals for Semester 2019B (August 01, 2019 to January 31, 2020) has been issued by the Gemini Observatory. The Call for Proposals can be viewed at: Call for Proposals

The deadline for the receipt of Canadian proposals is:

Tuesday, April 2nd, 2019, 4 p.m. (Pacific Daylight Time)

Note that not all Gemini partners have the same deadline and those involved in joint proposals need to submit their proposals by the principal investigator's (PI) country's deadline.

Canada will have access in 2019B to a total time for PI programs of: 169.6 hours on Gemini North and 164.4 hours on Gemini South.


The instruments available on Gemini-North are GMOS-N, GNIRS, NIRI (imaging only), NIFS, and Altair (with NGS and LGS now); and on Gemini-South are GMOS-S, Flamingos-2 (in imaging and longslit mode only), GSAOI with GeMs, and GPI. Please consult the target accessibility page for important information concerning the RA (right ascension) restrictions for each instrument. Many visitor instruments are also offered in 2019B (subject to demand). On Gemini-North: GRACES, ALOPEKE (new Speckle camera providing both diffraction limited and wide-field imaging), and POLISH-2 (high precision polarimeter) and TEXES (high-resolution mid-infrared spectrometer). On Gemini-South: Zorro (a clone of 'Alopeke), and Phoenix (high resolution near-infrared spectrometer).

To see more details about each of the instruments available for 2019B, please see the Gemini
Call for Proposals.

What's new in 2019B

  • Targets will generally be limited on Gemini-North to 17 < RA < 13.5 and -37 < dec < +90, and on Gemini-South to 16 < RA < 12 and -90 < dec < +28. Please consult the target accessibility page for specific RA restrictions for some instruments;
  • The Gemini-North Laser Guide Star AO system is now available for regular programs in 2019B!. It can be used with NIFS, NIRI and GNIRS.
  • Since the GPI Campaign is nearly over, the GPI target restrictions for campaign targets have been lifted.
  • Visitor Instruments offered on Gemini-North are:
    • GRACES, the high-resolution R=67500 optical spectrometer;
    • POLISH-2, a high-precision polarimeter is open to the community via collaborative proposals with its PI; please use the generic 'Visitor Instrument' option in PIT for your proposal.
    • 'ALOPEKE, a new-generation Speckle camera. This is a dual-channel visual camera providing both diffraction-limited and wide-field imaging;
    • TEXES, a high-resolution (R=4000 to 100000) mid-infrared spectrometer.
  • Visitor Instruments offered on Gemini-South are:
    • Zorro, an 'Alopeke clone, will be offered in the South pending successful commissioning.
    • Phoenix: a high-resolution R~50000-80000 near-infrared (1 to 5 microns) echelle spectrometer.
  • There will be a minimum of five classical nights available on Subaru. The instruments available are: COMICS, AO188, FOCAS, HDS, IRCS, MOIRCS, and Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) . Subaru will accept small size programs (e.g. 2-3 hours) for proposals requesting HSC in queue mode only. Canadians can now also submit proposals for HSC "filler" programs on Subaru in 2019B, which are poor weather queue programs. The following visiting instruments are also available for 2019B: SCExAO including the VAMPIRES module, CHARIS, and now IRD-Infrared Doppler, an infrared high resolution (up to 70000) fiber-fed spectrometer(as long as the targets are different from the approved SSP program). Proposals using the visiting instruments must include the relevant PI as a Co-I. Proposals must request half-nights or full nights (except short HSC queue programs).
  • New: the PIT will automatically calculate the required time for baseline calibrations and add it to the time request. Just enter for each target the on-source exposure time needed with overheads (acquisition time, readout time, etc.) and PIT will calculate the total time needed for the target.
  • Warning: when submitting your proposal, you should see in the PIT "Submit" tab the status updated to "Successfully Received", and see a reference number for the proposal, such as "CA-2019B-003". If you do not see this reference number then the proposal might not have been received, and you are advised to please check with us at

Other things to note for 2019B

  • The Priority Visitor Mode is now expanded and will be offered to Band 1 programs (not only Large and Long Programs). Important: Please indicate your interest in the Technical Design portion of the proposal;
  • All proposals for Rapid Target of Opportunity (RToO) follow-up must submit a separate proposal for Standard Target of Opportunity follow-up (SToO) in conditions better than SB/CC/IQ=Any, if such follow-up is planned;
  • Poor weather and Director's Discretionary Time proposals can now be submitted at any time via PIT directly to Gemini (bypassing the Canadian Time allocation Committee (CTAC)). Fast Turnaround proposals can be submitted at all times with a deadline at the end of every month.


Canadian astronomers must use the Gemini Observatory Phase I Tool (PIT) to prepare and submit their proposals. The new version of PIT for Semester 2019B must be downloaded from the PIT installation site.

A new "Experimental Design" section has been added to give more space to the proposal description. The science justification, experimental design and technical justification are now to be entered in a latex file (or doc file if using the Windows version of PIT). Also the PIs are now strongly encouraged to include the output from the Instrument Time Calculators in the PDF. See the PIT page to download the new PIT. Please download the latex/doc/sty template files to write the proposal.

For Canadian proposals, please use the default GemPhase1.tex, GemPhase1_19B.sty and GemPhase1.doc template files. Please allow extra time to familiarize yourself with the new PIT, and consult the help pages for the new PIT, which includes video tutorials.

In addition, please note that with the new PIT, a single proposal may now request time from either or both of Gemini-North and Gemini-South (it is no longer necessary to submit two separate proposals, however please indicate in the technical section how much time exactly is requested from each of Gemini-North and South)

Users will submit their finalized proposals from PIT; the proposals are sent electronically to Gemini and then retrieved by the Canadian Gemini Office (CGO). The CGO will be in charge of the technical assessment of the proposals, which will then be reviewed and ranked by CTAC.

All data will be subject to the normal Gemini proprietary period of 12 months.

Proposal parameters

Please follow the instructions in the latex/doc files:

  • Scientific justification: one page (excluding references, see below).
  • experimental design: one page
  • technical justification: one page
  • up to two extra pages for references, a maximum of three figures, and figure captions