[CCMC 13353-R] CCMC Canadian code compliance evaluation
From: National Research Council Canada
|Product name:||Pieux Xtreme|
|Code compliance:||NBC 2015, OBC|
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Code compliance opinion
It is the opinion of the Canadian Construction Materials Centre that the evaluated product, when used as an auger-installed steel pile in a foundation system in accordance with the conditions and limitations stated in this evaluation, complies with the following code:
National Building Code of Canada 2015
|ID||Code provision||Solution type|
|04-02-03-08-01-e-00||184.108.40.206.(1)(e) CSA G40.21, "Structural Quality Steel."||Acceptable|
|04-02-03-10-00-0-00||220.127.116.11.(1) Where conditions are corrosive to steel, ...||Acceptable|
|04-02-04-01-00-0-00||18.104.22.168.(1) The design of foundations, excavations a ...||Acceptable|
|09-04-01-01-01-c-01||22.214.171.124.(1)(c)(i) Part 9, or||Acceptable|
Ontario Building Code
Ruling No. 15-02-323 (13353-R) authorizing the use of this product in Ontario, subject to the terms and conditions contained in the Ruling, was made by the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing on 2015-01-05 pursuant to s.29 of the Building Code Act, 1992 (see Ruling for terms and conditions). This Ruling is subject to periodic revisions and updates.
The above opinion is based on the evaluation by the CCMC of technical evidence provided by the evaluation holder, and is bound by the stated conditions and limitations. For the benefit of the user, a summary of the technical information that forms the basis of this evaluation has been included.
Product namePieux Xtreme
The product is an earth anchor constructed of helical-shaped circular steel blades that are welded to a steel shaft. The blades are constructed as a helix with a carefully controlled pitch.
The product is available in blade diameters of 175 mm with a thickness of 6.3 mm, and in diameters of 200 mm, 250 mm and 300 mm with a thickness of 8.0 mm. The anchors come with a single helical blade. The diameter of the blade is chosen based on the bearing capacity of the soil and the load that the auger-installed steel pile is designed to support. The central shaft is used to transmit torque during installation and to transfer axial loads to the helical blades. The diameter of the shaft is either 48 mm or 60 mm with a wall thickness of 4.8 mm. The foundation system comes with other accessories such as support plates to adapt to the building structure, extension shafts and connectors.
The steel shaft, blades and accessories of the product conform to CSA-G40.21-04(R2009), “General Requirements for Rolled or Welded Structural Quality Steel/Structural Quality Steel.” They also have a galvanic coating of 610 g/m2 that meets the requirements of CAN/CSAG164-M92(R2003), “Hot Dip Galvanizing of Irregularly Shaped Articles.”
The figure below shows a typical auger installed steel pile with a single helical blade.
This evaluation is valid only for products produced at the following plant:
|Product name||Manufacturing plant|
|Danville, QC, CA|
|Pieux Xtreme||Product evaluated by the CCMC|
Product evaluated by the CCMC Indicates that the product from this manufacturing facility has been evaluated by the CCMC
Conditions and limitations
The CCMC’s compliance opinion is bound by this product being used in accordance with the conditions and limitations set out below.
- The product under this evaluation is intended to be used as a foundation system to support the following types of construction:
- Single storey residential buildings within the scope of Part 9 of NBC 2015;
- Accessory buildings such as sheds, gazebos, sunrooms, carports, and decks/porches within the scope of Part 9 of NBC 2015.
Other applications are beyond the scope of this evaluation, wherein a professional engineer skilled in such design and licensed to practice under the appropriate provincial or territorial legislation must determine the pile capacity and other design parameters.
- The product may be used as part of a foundation system to support various structures and must be installed according to the manufacturer’s current instructions.
- The structural application of this product must be in strict accordance with the design analysis as prepared for Pro Pieux Inc. by Labo S.M. Inc. and included in Report No. 02465 (N/Ref. F098278-001), February 2010, from which the table under Technical information is reproduced.
- When the product is installed in granular soil or silt, there is a direct relationship between the applied torque and the allowable compressive load. The table under Technical information indicates the allowable compressive loads as a function of the applied torque.
- When the auger-installed steel pile is installed in a cohesive soil such as clay, the relationship between the applied torque and the allowable compressive load is not predictable. As a result, the allowable compressive loads have to be confirmed by on-site load tests. These load tests are also required if the allowable loads need to be greater than those stated in the table under Technical information. The tests must be conducted under the direct supervision of a professional geotechnical engineer skilled in such design and licensed to practise under the appropriate provincial or territorial legislation.
- In all cases, a registered professional engineer skilled in such design and licensed to practise under the appropriate provincial or territorial legislation must determine the number and spacing of the auger-installed steel piles required to carry all the loads.
- The installation of the auger-installed steel pile must be carried out as per the manufacturer’s instructions. The anchors must be screwed into the ground using mechanized equipment. The anchor must be rotated into the ground with sufficient applied downward pressure (crowd) to advance the anchor one pitch distance per revolution. The anchor must be advanced until the applied torque value attains a specified value. Extensions must be added to the central shaft as needed. The applied loads may be tensile (uplift), or compressive (bearing). Helical anchors are rapidly installed in a wide variety of soil formations using a variety of readily available equipment. They are immediately ready for loading after installation.
- Where conditions (soil and environmental) are determined to be corrosive to steel, protection of the steel shall be provided. The determination of the presence of corrosive conditions and the specification of the corrosion protection shall be carried out by a registered professional engineer licensed to practise under the appropriate provincial or territorial legislation. If the determination of the presence of corrosive conditions is not completed before installation, the product, including all its accessories, is required to be hot-dipped galvanized, meeting the requirements of CAN/CSA-G164 (ASTM A123/A123M-17) with a minimum thickness of 610 g/m2, or another method that provides an equivalent level of protection and abrasion resistance deemed acceptable by the CCMC.
- To be permitted to install Pieux Xtreme auger-installed steel piles, the installer must be certified by Pieux Xtreme Foundation Inc. Using approved equipment, the installer must follow the manufacturer’s installation instructions and heed the conditions and limitations specified in this Report. Each installer must carry a certification card with their signature and photograph.
- Each Pieux Xtreme auger-installed steel pile must be identified with a label that contains the manufacturer’s identification and the phrase “CCMC 13353-R.”
This evaluation is based on demonstrated conformance with the following criteria:
|Criteria number||Criteria name|
|CCMC-TG-316615.13-15A||CCMC Technical Guide for Augered-Installed Steel Piles|
Pieux Xtreme auger-installed steel piles were tested in accordance with the requirements of:
- ASTM D 1143/D 1143M-07, “Standard Test Methods for Deep Foundations Under Static Axial Compressive Load,” and
- ASTM D 3689/D 3689-08, “Standard Test Methods for Deep Foundations Under Static Axial Tensile Load.”
A series of 17 tests were conducted on two different sites, one with granular soil and the other cohesive soil. The intent of the testing was to determine a correlation between the torque applied during installation and the allowable compressive and tensile loads. The results showed that in granular soils there was a correlation between the torque applied during installation and the allowable load. For the compressive loads noted in the table below, the factor of safety varied from 2.0 to 3.2. For the tensile loads, the factor of safety varied from 1.8 to 3.2.
|Applied torque||Allowable loads|
|678||500||12||2 700||5||1 125|
|1 017||750||16||3 600||8||1 800|
|1 356||1 000||22||4 950||10||2 250|
|1 695||1 250||26||5 850||13||2 925|
|2 034||1 500||30||6 750||15||3 375|
|2 373||1 750||34||7 650||18||4 050|
|2 712||2 000||38||8 550||20||4 500|
|3 051||2 250||42||9 450||22||4 950|
|3 390||2 500||48||10 800||25||5 625|
|3 728||2 750||50||11 250||28||6 300|
|4 067||3 000||54||12 150||30||6 750|
|4 406||3 250||58||13 050||32||7 200|
|4 745||3 500||62||13 950||35||7 875|
|5 084||3 750||66||14 850||38||8 550|
|5 424||4 000||70||15 750||40||9 000|
Use of Canadian Construction Materials Centre (CCMC) assessments
This assessment must be read in the context of the entire CCMC Registry of Product Assessments, any applicable building code or by-law requirements, and/or any other regulatory requirements (for example, the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act, the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, etc.).
It is the responsibility of the user to confirm that the assessment they are using is current and has not been withdrawn or superseded by a later version on the CCMC Registry of Product Assessments.
The National Research Council of Canada (NRC) has evaluated only the characteristics of the specific product described herein. The information and opinions in this evaluation are directed to those who have the appropriate degree of experience to use and apply its contents (such as authorities having jurisdiction, design professionals and specifiers). This evaluation is valid when the product is used as part of permitted construction, respecting all conditions and limitations stated in the evaluation, and in accordance with applicable building codes and by-laws.
This evaluation is provided without representation, warranty or guarantee of any kind, expressed or implied, and the NRC provides no endorsement for any evaluated product. The NRC accepts no responsibility whatsoever arising in any way from any and all use of or reliance on the information contained herein or the use of any evaluated product. The NRC is not undertaking to render professional or other services on behalf of any person or entity nor to perform any duty owed by any person or entity to another person or entity.
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© His Majesty the King in Right of Canada, as represented by the National Research Council of Canada, 2023
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