[CCMC 11518-R] CCMC Canadian code compliance evaluation

From: National Research Council Canada

In most jurisdictions this document is sufficient evidence for approval by Canadian authorities.

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Code compliance opinion

It is the opinion of the Canadian Construction Materials Centre that the evaluated product, when used as structural composite lumber (SCL) in accordance with the conditions and limitations stated in this evaluation, complies with the following code:

National Building Code of Canada 2010

Code provision Solution type
4.3.1.1.(1) Buildings and their structural members m ...Acceptable
9.23.4.2.(3) Spans for built-up wood and glued-lamina ...Alternative

Ontario Building Code

Ruling No. 05-14-138 (11518-R) authorizing the use of this product in Ontario, subject to the terms and conditions contained in the Ruling, was made by the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing on 2005-12-15 (revised 2012-06-21) pursuant to s.29 of the Building Code Act, 1992 (see Ruling for terms and conditions). This Ruling is subject to periodic revisions and updates.


The above opinion is based on the evaluation by the CCMC of technical evidence provided by the evaluation holder, and is bound by the stated conditions and limitations. For the benefit of the user, a summary of the technical information that forms the basis of this evaluation has been included.

  Product information

Product name

LP® SolidStart® LVL

Product description

The product is a laminated veneer lumber (LVL), which is a type of SCL that is manufactured by laminating veneer sheets of wood coated with an exterior-type structural adhesive conforming to CSA O112.6-M1977, “Phenol and Phenol-Resorcinol Resin Adhesives for Wood (High-Temperature Curing)” (see CCMC 13192-L, CCMC 13322-L and CCMC 13019-L). The wood veneer properties, species, adhesive, manufacturing parameters, and finished product thickness, width and length are as specified in the quality control manual that contains the manufacturing standard. See Figure 1 for veneer orientation and details. Larger sections of the product are available through secondary lamination.

The manufacturing quality assurance program and records are verified by APAThe Engineered Wood Association as part of the product certification.

The permitted design values are outlined in the tables in the Technical information section of this Report.

Isometric profile drawing of typical laminated veneer lumber (LVL) showing the exterior surface and the layers that compose the LVL.
Figure 1. Typical LVL profile

Manufacturing plants

This evaluation is valid only for products produced at the following plants:

  • Golden, British Columbia, Canada
  • Sutherlin, Oregon, United States
  • Wilmington, North Carolina, United States

  Conditions and limitations

The CCMC’s compliance opinion is bound by this product being used in accordance with the conditions and limitations set out below.

  • The product, as with all SCL, is intended for dry service applications only.Footnote (1)
  • The product is intended for use in construction as an alternative material to lumber. Proprietary design values presented for the product are to be used by professional engineers for design in accordance with CSA O86 for structural applications such as beams, headers, joists, rafters, and columns as intended by the product manufacturer. The specific application must be qualified through testing and validated by the manufacturer. Applications such as I-joist flanges, studs and metal-plated truss chords are beyond the scope of this evaluation.
     
  • Structural applications:
    1. Louisiana-Pacific Corporation’s pre-engineered tablesFootnote (2)Footnote (3)

      The pre-engineered tables in the literature outlined below have been provided to CCMC by the manufacturer to demonstrate compliance with Part 9 buildings of Division B of the NBC 2010 for acceptance by the local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ):

      When the product is used as beams, headers and rim boards to support uniform loads only, the installation must be in accordance with the tables and installation details published by Louisiana-Pacific Corp. entitled:

      • “LP® SolidStart® LVL Technical Guide 2900Fb-2.0E and 2250Fb-1.5E Limit States Design,” dated August 2014;
      • “LP® SolidStart® Technical Guide for Light-Frame Commercial and Multifamily Construction Limit States Design,” dated September 2014; and
      • “LP® SolidStart® OSB, LVL & LSL Rim Board Limit States Design,” dated August 2014.

      The product must be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation guidelines noted in the above-mentioned documents for those applications falling within the scope of these documents. Applications outside the scope of these installation guidelines require engineering on a case-by-case basis.

    2. Louisiana-Pacific Corporation’s installation details

      Louisiana-Pacific’s pre-engineered details within the documents outlined in (i) above are limited in scope to building designs where the anticipated loads on the following structural details will not be exceeded:

      • beams supporting floor loads (pages 5 and 13 of (1));
      • beams supporting roof loads (pages 8, 9, 16 and 17 of (1));
      • beams supporting floor and roof loads (pages 6, 7, 14 and 15 of (1));
      • floor or roof PLF tables (pages 10-11 and 18-19 of (1) and pages 28-29 and 30-31 of (2));
      • bearing length details (pages 4 and 12 of (1) and page 27 of (2));
      • allowable holes (page 21 of (1) and page 33 of (2));
      • support column details (page 21 of (1) and page 33 of (2));
      • multiple member connections (page 22 of (1) and page 34 of (2));
      • nail spacing (pages 23 of (1) and pages 35 of (2)); and
      • rim board details (page 38 of (2) and pages 1-4 of (3)).
         
    3. Engineering required

      For structural applications beyond the scope/limitations of the above-referenced publications or when required by the AHJ, the drawings or related documents must bear the authorized seal of a professional engineer skilled in wood design and licensed to practice under the appropriate provincial or territorial legislation. Installations beyond the scope/limitations of (i) and (ii) above imply, but are not limited to, the following:

      • higher loads/longer spans than the manufacturer’s pre-engineered details;
      • concentrated loads;
      • areas of high wind or high seismicity;
      • design of supporting members/columns when the total beam/header load exceeds the NBC 2010 pre-engineered beam/lintel tables; and
      • design of supporting foundation footings when the total load exceeds the NBC 2010 pre-engineered floor/roof joist tables.

      The engineer must design in accordance with CSA O86 and may use the “Engineering Guide for Wood Frame Construction” (published by the Canadian Wood Council) as a guide.

      The specified strengths for the product must not exceed the values set forth in the Product specified strengths (MPa)  table. See Figure 1 for details about veneer orientation.

      Basic nail, bolt and lag screw capacities must be as shown in the Equivalent specific gravity for the product fastener design table. Nail spacing of the product must conform to the Product nail spacing requirements table.

      The ends of all beams must be restrained to prevent rollover. This is normally achieved by attaching a diaphragm sheathing either to the top or compression edge, and an end wall or shear transfer panel capable of transferring a minimum unfactored load of 730 N/m or required shear forces due to wind or seismic conditions. Blocking or cross-bracing with equivalent strength may be used. The compression edges of all beams must be laterally supported at least every 610 mm, except where design is done in accordance with CSA O86.

    4. Engineering support provided by manufacturer

      Louisiana-Pacific Corp. provides engineering support through either distribution or a professional engineer skilled in wood design and licensed to practice under the appropriate provincial or territorial legislation. Louisiana-Pacific Corp. may also be consulted in the use of the product.

      Louisiana-Pacific Corp. (tech. support):
      888-820-0325
      customer.support@lpcorp.com

  • Damaged or defective products must not be used, unless repaired in accordance with written instructions from the manufacturer.
  • This product must be identified with the phrase “CCMC 11518-R” along the side or top of the SCL member. This CCMC number is only valid when it appears in conjunction with the APA-EWS certification mark.

  Technical information

This evaluation is based on demonstrated conformance with the following criteria:

Evaluation requirements
Criteria number Criteria name
CCMC-TG-061710.01-10CCMC Technical Guide for Weyerhaeuser

 

The Report Holder has submitted technical documentation for the CCMC’s evaluation. Testing was conducted at laboratories recognized by the CCMC. The corresponding technical evidence for this product is summarized below.

Design requirements

 

Product specified strengths (MPa)Table footnote footnote (1)Table footnote footnote (2)Table footnote footnote (3)
Grade

Bending, Fb
MPa
(psi)

Tension parallel to grain Ft Table footnote footnote (4)
MPa
(psi)
Compression parallel to grain, Fc ||
MPa
(psi)
Compression perpendicular to grain, Fc
MPa
(psi)
Horizontal shear, Fv
MPa
(psi)
Modulus of elasticityTable footnote footnote (5)
MPa
(x 106 psi)
Beam Plank Beam Plank Beam Plank Beam Plank
1 400Fb-1.1E (cross-ply)

17.84Table footnote footnote (6)
(2 587)

17.84
(2 587)

12.38
(1 796)
18.71
(2 713)
8.53
(1 238)
5.66
(820)
3.20
(465)
0.784
(114)
7 580
(1.10)
6 900
(1.00)
1 650Fb-1.3E (cross-ply)

21.02Table footnote footnote (6) 
(3 049)

21.02
(3 049)

12.38
(1 796)
18.71
(2 713)
8.53
(1 238)
5.66
(820)
3.20
(465)
1.79
(260)
8 960 (1.30) 7 580
(1.10)
1 750Fb-1.3E (cross-ply)

22.30Table footnote footnote (6) 
(3 234)

22.30
(3 234)

12.38
(1 796)
18.71
(2 713)
8.53
(1 238)
5.66
(820)
3.20
(465)
1.79
(260)
8 960
(1.30)
8.960
(1.30)
2 250Fb-1.5E

28.67Table footnote footnote (7) 
(4 158)

28.03
(4 066)

13.93
(2 021)
25.86
(3 751)
9.41
(1 365)
5.66
(820)
3.65
(530)
1.79
(260)
10 340
(1.50)
9 650
(1.40)
2 400Fb-1.7E

30.58Table footnote footnote (7) 
(4 435)

29.31
(4 250)

13.93
(2 021)
25.86
(3 751)
9.41
(1 365)
5.66
(820)
3.65
(530)
1.79
(260)
11.720
(1.70)
11 720
(1.70)
2 650Fb-1.9E

33.77 Table footnote footnote (7)
(4 897)

33.13
(4 805)

16.51
(2 395)
25.86
(3 751)
9.41
(1 365)
6.90
(1 001)
3.65
(530)
1.79
(260)
13 100Table footnote footnote (8) 
(1.90)
12 410Table footnote footnote (8) 
(1.80)
2 900Fb-2.0E

36.95Table footnote footnote (7) 
(5 359)

37.59
(5 452)

18.58
(2 694)
35.21
(5 107)
9.41
(1 365)
6.90
(1 001)
3.65
(530)
1.79
(260)
13 790
(2.00)
13 790
(2.00)
2 950Fb-2.0E

37.59Table footnote footnote (7) 
(5 452)

37.59
(5 452)

18.58
(2 694)
35.21
(5 107)
9.41
(1 365)
6.90
(1 001)
3.72
(540)
1.79
(260)
13 790Table footnote footnote (8) 
(2.00)
13 790 Table footnote footnote (8)
(2.00)
3 100Fb-2.1E

39.50Table footnote footnote (7) 
(5 729)

39.50
(5 729)

18.58
(2 694)
35.21
(5 107)
9.41
(1 365)
6.90
(1 001)
3.72
(540)
1.79
(260)
14 480
(2.10)
13 790
(2.00)
3 100Fb-2.2E

39.50Table footnote footnote (7) 
(5 729)

37.59
(5 452)
18.58
(2 694)
35.21
(5 107)
9.41
(1 365)
6.90
(1 001)
3.72
(540)
1.79
(260)
15 170
(2.20)
15 170
(2.20)

 

 

Equivalent specific gravity for the product fastener designTable footnote footnote (1)Table footnote footnote (2)
Grade Equivalent specific gravity
Nails Bolts and lag screws installed in faceTable footnote footnote (3)
Withdrawal load Lateral load Lateral load
Installed in edge Installed in face Installed in edge Installed in  face Load applied || to grain Load applied ┴ to grain
1400Fb-1.1E (cross-ply) 0.42 0.48 0.49 0.50 0.41 0.48

1750Fb-1.3E (cross-ply);

2250Fb-1.5E & better

 

0.46

 

0.50

 

0.50

 

0.50

 

0.46

 

0.50

 

 

Product nail spacing requirementsTable footnote footnote (1)
Thickness (mm (in.)) Orientation FastenerTable footnote footnote (2) Minimum end distance (mm (in.)) Closest on-centre spacing (mm (in.))
Single row Multiple rowsTable footnote footnote (3)Table footnote footnote (4)

 

 

 

 

 

< 38

(< 1 ½)

 

 

EdgeTable footnote footnote (5)Table footnote footnote (6)

64 mm (8d 2 ½ in) 64 (2 ½) 102 (4)

 

 

N/A

76 mm (10d 3 in) &

83 mm (12d 3 ¼ in)

 

64 (2 ½)

102 (4)
89 mm (16d 3 ½ in) 89 (3 ½) 127 (5)

 

 

FaceTable footnote footnote (7)

64 mm (8d 2 ½ in) 38 (1 ½) 76 (3) 76 (3)

76 mm (10d 3 in) &

83 mm (12d 3 ¼ in)

 

38 (1 ½)

76 (3) 76 (3)
89 mm (16d 3 ½ in) 38 (1 ½) 127 (5) 127 (5)

 

 

 

 

 

≥ 38

(≥ 1 ½)

 

 

 

EdgeTable footnote footnote (5)Table footnote footnote (6)

64 mm (8d 2 ½ in) 64 (2 ½) 76 (3)

102Table footnote footnote (8)

(4Table footnote footnote (8))

76 mm (10d 3 in) &

83 mm (12d 3 ¼ in)

 

64 (2 ½)

102 (4)

127Table footnote footnote (8)

(5Table footnote footnote (8))

89 mm (16d 3 ½ in) 89 (3 ½) 127 (5)

152Table footnote footnote (8)Table footnote footnote (9)

(6Table footnote footnote (8)Table footnote footnote (9))

 

 

FaceTable footnote footnote (7)

64 mm (8d 2 ½ in) 38 (1 ½) 76 (3) 76 (3)

76 mm (10d 3 in) &

83 mm (12d 3 ¼ in)

 

38 (1 ½)

76 (3) 76 (3)
89 mm (16d 3 ½ in) 38 (1 ½) 127 (5) 127 (5)

 

Product factored resistances for rim boardTable footnote footnote (1)Table footnote footnote (2)Table footnote footnote (3)Table footnote footnote (4)
Minimum thickness
(mm (in.))
Grade Depth
(mm (in.))
Vertical load Horizontal lateral load transfer capacityTable footnote footnote (5)
(kN/m (lbs/ft.))
Lateral resistance of 13-mm (1/2-in.) lag screw (installed in face)Table footnote footnote (6)
(kN (lbs))
Uniform
(kN/m (lbs/ft.))
Concentrated
(kN (lbs))

 

 

 

32 (1 ¼)

 

1400Fb-1.1E (cross-ply)

≤ 406 (≤ 16)

195 (13 344) 31.2 (7 022) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)

≤ 610 (≤ 24)

123 (8 457) 31.2 (7 022) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)

 

1750Fb-1.3E (cross-ply)

≤ 406 (≤ 16)

204 (13 970) 31.2 (7 022) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)

≤ 610 (≤ 24)

123 (8 457) 31.2 (7 022) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)

 

38 (1 ½)

 

 

 

2250Fb-1.5E and better

≤ 406 (≤ 16)

97 (6 650) 20.0 (4 500) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)

≤ 610 (≤ 24)

60.6 (4 150) 20.0 (4 500) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)

 

44 (1 ¾)

≤ 406 (≤ 16)

108 (7 400) 23.8 (5 350) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)

≤ 610 (≤ 24)

83.9 (5 750) 23.8 (5 350) 4.76 (326) 3.34 (751)
Appendix A

The initial design values obtained from testing to ASTM D 5456-01, “Standard Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products,” as specified in CAN/CSA-O86-01, “Engineering Design in Wood,” are summarized below. Confirmation from the third-party certification agency with respect to product compliance with ASTM D 5456-07 (as specified in CSA O86-09) was provided, namely in relation to the following aspects (i) durability, (ii) evaluating bond quality, (iii) duration of load and creep effects, and (iv) alternative horizontal shearstress test procedures.

Additional test information for LP® SolidStart® LVLTable footnote footnote (1)
Property Test information
Bending Specimens were tested in edgewise and flatwise bending to establish the characteristic value. Qualification test data were used to establish the applicable coefficient of variation, CVw, and the reliability normalization factor from CSA O86-09 was used to determine the specified strength.
Shear Specimens were tested in shear (using block shear and then using structural-size horizontal shear-stress test procedures) to establish the characteristic value. Qualification test data were used to establish the applicable coefficient of variation, CVw, and the reliability normalization factor from CSA O86-09 was used to determine the specified strength.

Compression

parallel to grain

Specimens were tested in compression parallel to grain to establish the characteristic value. Qualification test data were used to establish the applicable coefficient of variation, CVw, and the reliability normalization factor from CSA O86-09 was used to determine the specified strength.

Compression

perpendicular to grain

Specimens were tested in compression perpendicular to grain to establish the characteristic value. The characteristic value was multiplied by 1.09 to establish the specified strength in accordance with CSA O86-09.

Tension 

parallel to grain

Specimens were tested in tension to establish the characteristic value. Qualification test data were used to establish the applicable coefficient of variation, CVw, and the reliability normalization factor from CSA O86-09 was used to determine the specified strength.
Nail withdrawal Nail withdrawal values were established following ASTM D 1761, “Standard Test Methods for Mechanical Fasteners in Wood,” for a 6d common nail having a 31.75-mm (1¼ in.) penetration. Specimens were tested and equivalent species capacity was determined in accordance with Annex 2 of ASTM D 5456-07.
Nail bearing Dowel bearing strength was determined in accordance with ASTM D 5764-95, “Standard Test Method for Evaluating Dowel-Bearing Strength of Wood and Wood-Based Products,” with 10d common nails with a nominal diameter of 3.76 mm and a lead hole diameter of 2.77 mm. Specimens were tested and the mean bearing capacity was used to establish the equivalent species capacity as per Annex 2 of ASTM D 5456-07.
Bolt bearing Bolt bearing capacity was determined in accordance with ASTM D 5764-95, with 13-mm (½ in.) and 19-mm (¾ in.) bolts. Specimens were tested and the mean bolt bearing capacity was used to establish the equivalent species capacity in accordance with Annex 2 of ASTM D 5456-07.
Creep Twelve (12) specimens of the product were tested in accordance with the CCMC Creep and Recovery Test, resulting in acceptable performance. Long-term (90-day) creep testing was also conducted. It demonstrated equivalency to duration of load behaviour of sawn lumber. See Note 1(4) below for further information.
Bond quality Specimens were tested for shear strength in the L-X plane in accordance with ASTM D 143 and the percentage of wood failure was evaluated and reported in accordance with ASTM D 5456-07.
Edgewise bending durability Specimens were tested for edgewise bending durability in accordance with Annex A4.3 of ASTM D 5456-07. The average strength retention was greater than or equal to 75%.
Adhesive The adhesives used comply with CSA O112.6-M1977, “Phenol and Phenol-Resorcinol Resin Adhesives for Wood (High-Temperature Curing).” For the Golden plant, see CCMC 13192-L; for the Wilmington plant, see CCMC 13322- L; and for the Sutherlin plant, see CCMC 13019-L.

Administrative information

Disclaimer

This evaluation is issued by the Canadian Construction Materials Centre (CCMC), a part of the Construction Research Centre at the National Research Council of Canada (NRC). The evaluation must be read in the context of the entire CCMC Registry of Product Assessments and the legislated applicable building code in effect.

The CCMC was established in 1988 on behalf of the applicable regulator (i.e., the provinces and territories) to ensure—through assessment—conformity of alternative and acceptable solutions to regional building codes as determined by the local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) as part of the issuance of a building permit.

It is the responsibility of the local AHJs, design professionals, and specifiers to confirm that the evaluation is current and has not been withdrawn or superseded by a later issue. Please refer to the website or contact:

Canadian Construction Materials Centre
Construction Research Centre
National Research Council of Canada
1200 Montreal Road
Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0R6
Telephone: 613-993-6189
Fax: 613-952-0268

The NRC has evaluated the material, product, system or service described herein only for those characteristics stated herein. The information and opinions in this evaluation are directed to those who have the appropriate degree of experience to use and apply its contents (i.e., AHJs, design professionals and specifiers). This evaluation is only valid when the product is installed in strict compliance with the stated conditions and limitations of evaluation and the applicable local building code. In circumstances where no applicable local building permit is issued and that no confirmation of compliance ‘for use in the intended field application’ is undertaken, this evaluation is null and void in all respects. This evaluation is provided without representation, warranty, or guarantee of any kind, expressed, or implied, and the NRC provides no endorsement for any evaluated material, product, system or service described herein. The NRC accepts no responsibility whatsoever arising in any way from any and all use and reliance on the information contained in this evaluation with respect to its compliance to the referenced code(s) and standard(s). The NRC is not undertaking to render professional or other services on behalf of any person or entity nor to perform any duty owed by any person or entity to another person or entity.

Language

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Copyright

© 2021 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the National Research Council of Canada.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the CCMC.

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